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Economy in Brief

German Orders Surge in December
by Robert Brusca  February 6, 2017

Germany's real order volume surged by 5.2% as German domestic orders spurted by 6.7% month-to-month and foreign orders rebounded to gain 3.9%. Orders have come to show huge changes in recent months as the 6.7% domestic gain in December compares to a 2.8% drop in November while the foreign order gain in December still falls short of the 4.2% foreign order drop in November. And October was a strong month for orders across the board.

Foreign and domestic orders accelerate
Volatility and order expansion have picked up. Total orders are accelerating, growing at a 28.5% annualized pace over three months, a 13.4% annualized pace over six months, and at a 7.6% annualized pace over 12 months. Separately both foreign and domestic orders each are accelerating on that timeline as well with domestic orders the stronger series over six months and three months on an explosive three-month annualized pace of growth of 44.4%.

Manufacturing order strength is confined to Germany and other euro area members
The order bulge for Germany is either domestic or related to activities in the countries of fellow EMU members. Orders outside the euro area show no increase at all month-to-month while orders from countries inside the euro area saw manufacturing new orders rise by 10% in December alone. Year-over-year orders in the euro area are up by over 21% while orders from foreign countries outside the euro area are slightly lower over 12 months.

Other surveys show a pick up
Both the IFO and the Markit surveys have been showing some pick up in German activity but nothing as robust as this. The EMU region has been showing manufacturing progress as well. But these orders data are now quite strong (although since they tend to be volatile we should be careful in doling out final judgements).

In fact, current activity, as represented by real sector sales in the same table, shows that sales are considerably weaker in real time compared to the prospective strength that orders imply. Sales are lower by 1.7% over 12 months and their growth rates are clearly decelerating. With orders up by 7.6% year-on-year, real sector sales still are lower by 1.7% year-on-year and their sequential trends are diverging as well.

Long-term trend compatibility
Since 2008, orders have explained about 80% of the variance in sales on a year-over-year basis, but they explain only 25% on a month-to-month basis. The divergence between month-to-month orders and sales is really not so unusual this month. But there is also a large divergence between the two series on a year-over-year basis and it is the ninth largest year-on-year divergence in the past 108 months - a divergence that has been greater less than 10% of the time. It is unclear why this divergence and the sequential trends are so different between sales and orders.

Is it volatility or acceleration?
The economic data have been jumping around to some extent. There are signs that activity is stirring. As it picks up, some irregularity is to be expected. When an economy changes gears, various sector metrics might divert from their long-term trends for a while before longer-run relationships are reestablished. There is some reason to be optimistic about the strength in German orders. And the lingering weakness in real sector sales may be just that: lingering weakness that is about to be expunged. But as always, it's good to keep an open mind and check on the data each month. However, it is reassuring to see a number of different surveys pointing to improved activity.

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