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Economy in Brief

U.S. Gasoline Prices Steady; Crude Oil Declines
by Tom Moeller  April 5, 2016

Regular gasoline prices were little changed last week at $2.08 per gallon (-13.7% y/y) versus $2.07 in the prior week, according to the U.S. Department of Energy. The price compares to a 2014 high of $3.71 per gallon. Haver Analytics constructs factors adjusting for the seasonal variation in pump prices, and the adjusted price was fairly steady at $2.07 per gallon.

WTI crude oil costs declined to $37.67 per barrel last week (-23.0% y/y) from $40.15 in the prior week. Yesterday, prices eased to $36.05 per barrel. Prices remained well below the peak of $113.93 in April 2011. Brent crude oil prices eased w/w to $39.83 per barrel, but edged higher to $40.29 yesterday. The price was $27.73 in late January.

Prices for natural gas increased last week to $1.83 per mmbtu (-29.8% y/y), and were $1.94 yesterday.

Last week, gasoline demand increased 5.0% y/y, while demand for all petroleum products improved 2.2% y/y. Gasoline inventories rose 5.9% y/y, while inventories of all petroleum products gained 8.2% y/y. Crude oil production (input to refineries) increased 3.2% y/y during the last four weeks.

The energy price data are reported by the U.S. Department of Energy. The petroleum demand and inventory figures are from the Oil & Gas Journal Weekly. These data can be found in Haver's WEEKLY database. The daily figures are in DAILY and greater detail on prices, demand and production, along with regional breakdowns, are in OILWKLY.

Weekly Energy Prices 04/04/16 03/28/16 03/21/16 Y/Y % 2015 2014 2013
Retail Gasoline ($ per Gallon, Regular) 2.08 2.07 2.01 -13.7 2.03 2.30 3.33
Light Sweet Crude Oil, WTI ($ per bbl., WSJ) 37.67 40.15 38.32 -23.0 48.90 93.64 97.96
Natural Gas ($/mmbtu, LA, WSJ) 1.83 1.76 1.77 -29.8 2.62 4.37 3.7
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