Recent Updates

  • Macao: Visitor Arrivals (Apr)
  • Turkey: Domestic Debt by Holder (APR)
  • UK Regional: Northern Ireland: Mortgage Possession (Q1)
  • UK Regional: GfK Consumer Confidence Barometer by Region (May)
  • North Macedonia: Broad Money, Other Depository Corporations'
  • more updates...

Economy in Brief

U.S. Q4 GDP Growth Revised Down Slightly in Third Estimate
by Sandy Batten  March 30, 2022

• Inventories made even larger contribution than in first two estimates.

• Domestic demand growth revised down. Corporate profit growth slowed.

• Price inflation unrevised at 40-year high.

U.S. real GDP growth in 2021 Q4 was revised down to 6.9% q/q (SAAR) in the third estimate from 7.0% in the second estimate. The Action Economics Forecast Survey had expected a small upward revision to 7.1%. Real GDP growth for all of 2021 was unrevised at 5.7%, the fastest annual pace since 1984.

This report contained the first look at the performance of corporate profits in 2021 Q4. Corporate profits with inventory valuation and capital consumption adjustments rose a modest 0.7% q/q not annualized (+21.0% y/y) after a 3.4% q/q gain in Q3. Profits of domestic industries edged up 0.2% q/q while profits from the rest of the world rose 3.3% q/q.

Inventory rebuilding added more to overall real GDP growth in the third estimate than in either of the first two. Inventories rose $22 billion (chained 2012 at an annual rate) more in the third estimate than they had in the second. This boosted their contribution to overall GDP growth to 5.32%-points from 4.90%-points in the second estimate. This large a contribution from inventory building would normally augur a sharp slowdown in the next quarter. However, inventory depletion had previously been so large, that further rebuilding is likely going forward. However, the likely continued rebuilding will probably take place at a slower rate and so, inventory building expected over the next few quarters will likely be a modest drag on overall GDP growth.

Growth in demand was revised slightly weaker in the third estimate with final sales growth revised down to 1.5% q/q (SAAR) from 2.0% and domestic final sales growth revised down to 1.7% from 2.0%. A downward revision to personal consumption expenditures growth accounted for much of the downward revision to overall demand. PCE growth was revised down to 2.5% q/q from 3.1% in the second estimate and 3.3% in the advance estimate. Today's revision reflected downward revisions to spending on both goods and services.

Nonresidential business investment spending growth was revised down to 2.1% q/q from 3.1% but residential investment spending growth was upped to 2.1% from 1.0%. The 2.6% quarterly decline in spending by governments was not revised. Export growth was revised down slightly while import growth was revised up slightly, resulting in net exports subtracting slightly more from overall growth than in the second estimate (-0.23%-pt vs. -0.07%-pt in the second estimate).

Overall inflation in Q4 was unrevised but continued to run hot. The GDP price index increased 7.1% q/q (SAAR), the same as in the second estimate but still the fastest rate since 1981 Q3. No revision had been expected. The PCE price index was revised up slightly to a 6.4% increase from 6.3%. By contrast, prices of residential investment rose a downwardly revised 11.9% vs. 12.1% in the second estimate, but this was still their fourth consecutive quarterly double-digit increase.

The GDP figures can be found in Haver's USECON and USNA databases. USNA contains virtually all of the Bureau of Economic Analysis' detail in the national accounts. Both databases include tables of the newly published not seasonally adjusted data. The Action Economics consensus estimates can be found in AS1REPNA.

Chained 2012 $ (%, AR) Q4'21 (3rd Est) Q4'21 (2nd Est) Q4'21 (Adv Est) Q3'21 Q2'21 Q4'21 Y/Y 2021 2020 2019
Gross Domestic Product 6.9 7.0 6.9 2.3 6.7 5.5 5.7 -3.4 2.3
  Inventory Effect (% point) 5.3 4.9 4.9 2.2 -1.3 0.9 0.4 -0.5 0.1
Final Sales 1.5 2.0 1.9 0.1 8.1 4.6 5.3 -2.9 2.2
  Foreign Trade Effect (% point) -0.2 -0.1 0.0 -1.3 -0.2 -0.7 -1.4 -0.3 -0.2
Domestic Final Sales 1.7 2.0 1.9 1.3 8.0 5.3 6.5 -2.5 2.4
Demand Components
  Personal Consumption Expenditure 2.5 3.1 3.3 2.0 12.0 6.9 7.9 -3.8 2.2
  Nonresidential Fixed Investment 2.9 3.1 2.0 1.6 9.2 6.6 7.4 -5.3 4.3
  Residential Investment 2.1 1.0 -0.8 -7.7 -11.7 -1.5 9.2 6.8 -0.9
  Government Spending -2.6 -2.6 -2.9 0.9 -2.0 0.1 0.5 2.5 2.2
Chain-Type Price Index
   GDP 7.1 7.1 6.9 6.0 6.1 5.9 4.2 1.3 1.8
    Personal Consumption Expenditure 6.4 6.3 6.5 5.3 6.5 5.5 3.9 1.2 1.5
       Less Food & Energy 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.6 6.1 4.6 3.3 1.4 1.7
    Nonresidential Investment 7.8 7.7 7.5 4.3 0.9 3.4 1.6 0.6 1.3
    Residential Investment 11.9 12.1 9.5 14.8 15.3 13.6 11.0 3.3 2.9
Corporate Profits (%) 0.7 -- -- 3.4 10.5 21.0 25.0 -5.2 2.7
close
large image