Recent Updates

  • France: **France Wages and Earnings Rebased to Q2-2017=100**
  • Flash PMIs: Japan, France, Germany, Euro Area, US (Sep)
  • Canada: CPI (Aug), Retail Trade (Jul)
  • Canada Regional: CPI by Province (Aug), Retail Trade by Province (Jul)
  • Norway: International Reserves (Aug), Government Debt (Q2); Finland: Quarterly Sector Accounts, Government Balance (Q2); Denmark: Property Price Indexes (Q2); Iceland: Wage Index (Aug)
  • Turkey: IIP & Intl Reserves (Jul); South Africa: Retail Survey (Q4); Mauritius: PPI (Jun); Lebanon: CPI (Aug)
  • more updates...

Economy in Brief

U.S. Trade Deficit Deepens Unexpectedly
by Tom Moeller  October 6, 2015

These foreign trade figures add to the preliminary numbers released one week ago by including trade in services and data by country.

The U.S. foreign trade deficit in goods and services during August increased to $48.3 billion from $41.8 billion in July, revised from $41.9 billion. A deficit of $43.0 billion had been expected in the Action Economics Forecast Survey. Exports declined 2.0% (-6.2% y/y) and imports rose 1.2% (-2.2% y/y). In constant dollars, the trade deficit in goods deepened to $63.4 billion from $56.1 billion. Real exports of goods fell 1.5% (-2.5% y/y) and reversed a 1.2% July surge while real goods imports increased 3.1% (6.8% y/y) after a 0.8% dip.

The 2.0% decline in exports reflected a 3.1% drop in goods, off 10.5% y/y. In constant dollars, goods exports fell 1.5% (-2.5% y/y) during August as auto exports declined 3.8% (-4.5% y/y) following a 5.0% gain. Nonauto consumer goods exports fell 3.0% (-4.0% y/y) and added to a 2.5% fall. Industrial supplies & materials exports were off 2.0% (-3.2% y/y), reversing a 2.5% increase. Capital goods exports gained 0.5% for a second straight month (-4.8% y/y). Foods, feeds & beverages exports also increased 0.5% (11.3% y/y) following two months of roughly 1.6% decline. Services exports improved 0.6% (2.5% y/y) as travel exports gained 0.8% (1.7% y/y).

Imports increased 1.2% during August (-2.2% y/y) and reversed a 1.0% decline during July. In constant dollars, nonpetroleum goods imports rose 3.5% (7.0% y/y) after a 1.0% drop. Nonauto consumer goods imports jumped 8.5% (14.2 % y/y) and reversed July's 4.9% decline. Capital goods imports increased 2.5% (1.4% y/y) following a 0.6% improvement. Foods, feeds & beverages imports gained 1.3% (4.2% y/y) after a 0.7% dip. Industrial supplies & materials imports eased 0.4% (+0.7% y/y) after a 1.4% jump and automotive vehicles & parts imports fell 1.0% (+10.3% y/y), offsetting a 1.3% increase. Imports of services improved 0.7% (3.7% y/y) as travel imports increased 1.5% (10.8% y/y).

Petroleum imports declined 11.7% in August (-44.7% y/y) after a 2.0% increase. In constant dollars, petroleum imports were off 1.7% (+1.9% y/y). The average per barrel cost of crude oil fell to $49.33 (-48.8% y/y). The value of energy-related petroleum product imports was off 15.7% (-45.4% y/y) as their quantity declined 6.8% (+3.0% y/y).

By country, the trade deficit in goods with China deepened to $35.0 billion, its deepest since September. Exports to China declined 4.7% y/y while imports from China jumped 10.5% y/y. The deficit with Japan eased to $5.2 billion. Exports to Japan declined 14.1% y/y and imports from Japan were off 4.5% y/y. The trade deficit with the European Union lessened m/m to $13.8 billion. Exports to the EU declined 10.0% y/y while imports from the EU rose 1.3% y/y.

The international trade data can be found in Haver's USECON database. Detailed figures are available in the USINT database. The expectations figures are from the Action Economics Forecast Survey, which is carried in the AS1REPNA.

Global Capital Flows from China from the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City is available here.

Foreign Trade in Goods & Services (Current Dollars) Aug Jul Jun Y/Y 2014 2013 2012
U.S. Trade Deficit $48.3 bil. $41.8 bil. $45.2 bil. $41.3 bil.
(8/14)
$508.3 $478.4 bil. $536.8 bil.
Exports (% Chg) -2.0 0.6 -0.1 -6.2 2.8 2.7 4.3
Imports 1.2 -1.0 1.1 -2.2 3.4 0.1 3.0
  Petroleum -11.7 2.0 9.3 -44.7 -9.6 -11.0 -5.5
  Nonpetroleum 3.1  -1.3 0.5 3.4 6.1 2.0 5.2
close
large image