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Economy in Brief

U.S. FHFA Home Price Index Growth Decelerates
by Tom Moeller  July 22, 2014

The U.S. House Price Index from the Federal Housing and Finance Agency (FHFA) improved 0.4% during May. The year-to-year growth rate fell to 5.5% from an 8.5% peak in July of last year. During the last twelve months, prices remained the strongest in the Pacific region, but here the 9.6% rate of increase was half that during last summer. Annual price growth in the Mountain region also eased to 8.4% during May, roughly half the y/y rate of gain twelve months ago.

Home price inflation eased throughout the U.S. One of the larger decelerations occurred in the Middle Atlantic region as growth fell to 2.5% y/y from the y/y peak of 5.2% six months ago. Amongst the East South Central states, the 2.6% y/y gain was down from 7.2% y/y last summer. In the South Atlantic region home price growth of 5.4% y/y compared to 9.0% y/y as of last July. Home price growth in the East North Central region was 4.6% y/y versus a high of 6.5% y/y nine months ago.

The FHFA house price index is a weighted repeat sales index. It measures average price changes in repeat sales or refinancings on the same properties. It is based on transactions involving conforming, conventional mortgages purchased or securitized by Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac. Only mortgage transactions on single family properties are included. The FHFA data is available in Haver's USECON database.

FHFA U.S. House Price Index Purchase Only (SA %) May Apr Feb Y/Y 2013 2012 2011
Total 0.4 0.1 0.6 5.5 7.7 3.4 -4.0
  Pacific 0.2 0.0 0.5 9.6 16.6 4.9 -6.8
  Mountain 0.4 -0.0 -0.1 8.4 12.8 8.1 -6.6
  South Atlantic 0.2 0.4 0.4 5.4 8.2 4.0 -5.1
  West North Central 0.6 -0.0 1.1 5.3 5.0 3.4 -3.2
  West South Central 1.1 -0.6 0.6 5.3 6.2 4.3 -1.1
  East North Central -0.1 0.4 1.1 4.6 5.5 2.2 -3.6
  East South Central -0.7 0.6 -0.3 3.2 4.5 2.5 -2.6
  New England 0.8 -1.1 3.7 2.6 4.0 -0.1 -2.2
  Middle Atlantic 1.1 0.6 0.3 2.5 2.9 0.0 -3.1

New England: Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut.
Middle Atlantic: New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania.
East North Central: Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana and Ohio.
West North Central: North Dakota, South Dakota, Minnesota, Nebraska, Iowa, Kansas and Missouri.
South Atlantic: Delaware,Maryland,District of Columbia,Virginia,West Virginia,North Carolina,South Carolina,Georgia & FL.
East South Central: Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi and Alabama.
West South Central: Oklahoma, Arkansas, Texas and Louisiana.
Mountain: Montana, Idaho, Wyoming, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Arizona and New Mexico.
Pacific: Hawaii, Alaska, Washington, Oregon and California.

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