- Austria: Wholesale Price Index ** Rebase 2015=100 ** (Jan); Greece: International Trade (Dec); Malta: Intl Trade (Dec)
- Canada: Housing Starts Press Release (Jan), Complete Preliminary CMHC Housing Starts Data for Jan will be released on Feb 8th PMI, Labor Force Survey (Jan), Trade (Dec)
- US: Employment Situation + Revisions (Jan), International Trade (Dec)
- US: Value & Weight of Imports and Exports (Dec)
- US: Household Survey Detail (Jan)
- more updates...
Economy in Brief
U.S. Consumer Credit Usage Ramps Up in December; Remains Steady in 2015
Consumer credit outstanding increased $21.3 billion during December following an unrevised $14.0 billion November gain...
U.S. Trade Deficit Widens Slightly in December
The U.S. foreign trade deficit increased to $43.4 billion in December from November's $42.2 billion...
German Orders Show Building Strength Despite December and Year-Over-Year Weakness
In December, total orders in Germany fell by 0.7%...
U.S. Productivity Decline Lifts Unit Labor Costs
Nonfarm output per hour declined 3.0% at an annual rate (+0.3% y/y) during Q4'15 following a 2.1% Q3 increase...
U.S. Initial Unemployment Insurance Claims Move Higher
Initial claims for jobless insurance increased to 285,000 during the week ended January 30 from 277,000 in the prior week...
U.S. Factory Sector Orders Decline Led by Transportation
New orders in the manufacturing sector fell 2.9% during December following a 0.7% easing in November...
by Tom Moeller January 25, 2013
Blue Chip Economic Indicators polls top business economists and collects their forecasts for critical indicators of future business activity. Since 1976, the monthly survey has been derived by averaging panel members' forecasts for each variable. Studies have shown that by averaging the opinions of many experts, the resulting consensus forecasts tend to be more accurate over time than those of any single forecaster. The Blue Chip consensus forecasts are available in Haver's BLUECHIP database.
The latest Blue Chip survey foresees U.S. economic growth of 1.6% this quarter following an anemic 1.4% rise during Q4'12. There is, however, divergence as to the degree of further improvement. By the end of 2013, the consensus foresees GDP growing at 2.7% rate with the top 10 forecasts at 3.6% and the bottom 10 at 1.8%. The same divergence holds true for next year's expected growth. The consensus of a 3.0% advance in real GDP for Q4 2014 is derived from 3.8% at the top end and 2.2% at the bottom.
There's also divergence in the U.S. inflation projections. The CPI is expected, by the consensus, to be growing at a 2.1% rate by the end of 2013. The top ten foresees a 2.7% rise and the bottom 10 expects 1.6%. The forecasts for 2014 are equally wide. The consensus expectation of 2.2% consumer price inflation is bounded by 2.9% amongst the top ten projections and 1.6% at the bottom, or little changed from this year.
As for the U.S. unemployment rate, the forecasts follow directly from the advance in real GDP. Moderate growth in the economy is expected generally to pull the unemployment rate down to 7.5% by yearend 2013 and to 7.0% by the end of next year. The top ten expects little change in the unemployment rate, on average, from where it is now by the end of 2013, but then slipping to 7.5% by the end of next year. Forecasts amongst the bottom ten average 7.2% at the end of this year and 6.5% at the end of next.
What this means for U.S. interest rates for the rest of 2013 and in 2014 also follows consistently from the real growth and inflation projections. The consensus forecast is for no change in Treasury bill rates by the end of this year but then a slim rise to 0.3% by the end of 2014. That's bounded at the high end by 0.3% and 0.7% for this year and next, respectively, and no change from today by the end of 2014 at the low end. For 10-year Treasuries, the consensus forecasts rates of 2.2% at the end of this year and 2.7% at the end of 2014. The top ten average of 2.6% in Q4'13 and 3.4% for next yearend is countered by 1.8% at the bottom, then 2.1% at the top.
The Blue Chip survey also covers annual forecasts for other U.S. economic variables in 2013 and 2014. For example, the U.S. economic recovery should continue to be stronger for real nonresidential fixed investment with a 5.7% advance next year compared to 2.4% growth in real personal consumption expenditures. Housing starts are projected to rise to an average 1.2 mil. from 1.0 mil. this year and light vehicle sales should gain to 15.6 mil. from 15.0 mil. in 2013. In addition, corporate profits are projected to rise 5.7% next year following a 4.7% advance this year.
Finally, annual international consensus forecasts are gathered for several economic variables. For example, the latest Blue Chip survey indicates China's real economic growth of roughly 8.0% this year and next versus no growth in the Eurozone this year and a 0.9% uptick next year. Real growth in Japan is expected to improve to 1.2% next year but that will be outpaced by Taiwan where real GDP should rise 3.1%. Inflation projections vary widely with prices in China up 3.6% next year but Eurozone inflation falling to 1.8%. In Japan, a minimal 0.7% rise in consumer prices also is expected to contrast with a 1.9% rise in prices in Taiwan.
The results of the next survey will be available on February 9.
|Blue Chip Economic Indicators (%, AR)||Q4'12||Q1'13||Q2'13||Q3'13||Q4'13||2014 Avg.|
|U.S. Real GDP (%, AR)||1.4||1.6||2.1||2.5||2.7||2.9|
|GDP Price Index (%, AR)||1.7||1.7||1.7||2.1||1.7||2.0|
|Consumer Price Index (%, AR)||2.1||1.4||1.9||2.2||2.1||2.2|
|Industrial Production (%, AR)||0.4||2.5||2.9||3.3||3.7||3.5|
|Unemployment Rate (%)||7.8||7.8||7.7||7.6||7.5||7.2|
|Treasury Bills (%)||0.1||0.1||0.1||0.1||0.1||0.2|
|Treasury Notes (%)||1.7||1.8||1.9||2.0||2.2||2.5|