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Economy in Brief

Foreign Investors Purchase Modest Amounts of U.S. Debt, Equity; China Liquidates, But Latin America Picks Up
by Carol Stone  June 15, 2012

Foreign investors purchased $26.1 billion worth of U.S. long-term debt and equity securities in April, according the U.S. Treasury's International Capital ("TIC") data. This followed $21.9 billion worth in March, a similar amount in February, but over $100 billion worth in January; the resulting four-month average is $44.9 billion, similar to the 2011 average of $41.1 billion.

Foreign investors have concentrated on Treasury notes and bonds. April's net purchases were $37.3 billion, almost twice as much as in February and March, though less than January's $90.9 billion. The last two months have seen net liquidations of federal agency securities, $14.1 billion in April and $6.7 billion in March, as that sector continues the relative disinterest that set in during the 2008-09 financial crisis. Net corporate bond purchases turned positive in March after three months of liquidation, and remained barely positive in April. Foreign interest in this sector has been even more tepid than in agency securities since the crisis.

Corporate equity acquisition has been mildly positive in the first four months of 2012 after a striking turn to liquidation in the second half of last year. The amount in April was $2.7 billion, down, however, from $7.0 billion in March and $7.6 billion in February. Net foreign purchases of equities averaged right at $2.0 billion per month last year, but that included $19.4 billion in liquidation in September and net sales in four other months. So the resumption of net purchases for the last several months is encouraging.

Most attention is given to the participation of Chinese investors in U.S. markets, although that has retreated by a good deal recently. That group were net sellers of U.S. securities in April by $4.2 billion, reversing some sizable purchases in February and March. They averaged liquidation of $2.0 billion per month in 2011. Larger investment flows lately have come from Latin America, amounting to $14.8 billion in April and $11.6 billion in March. This region, with $6.2 billion on average for the last 12 months, even surpassed Europe's net purchases of $3.6 billion. European investors, including the financial center in London, often have larger monthly purchases, but they also occasionally transact larger monthly sales.

The TIC data are found in Haverís USINT database. The information there also includes aggregate flows in Treasury bills and other short-term assets as well as banking system data on claims on and liabilities to foreign counterparties.

Net Foreign Purchases of Long-Term U.S. Securities (Bil.$) Apr Mar Feb Jan Monthly Average
  2011 2010 2009
Total 26.1 21.0 28.9 102.6 41.1 75.7 53.2
Treasuries 37.3 20.1 19.5 90.9 36.0 58.6 44.9
Federal agencies -14.1 -6.7 10.1 9.6 6.7 9.0 -1.0
Corporate bonds 0.3 1.6 -8.2 -1.3 -3.8 -1.1 -3.4
Corporate stocks 2.7 7.0 7.6 3.5 2.0 9.1 12.7
China (All security types) -4.2 13.8 20.9 9.8 -2.2 2.4 9.3
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