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Economy in Brief

Japan: First Estimate 3Q GDP Growth
by Louise Curley  November 14, 2011

Japan's real GDP rose at a seasonally adjusted annual rate (SAAR) of 6% in the third quarter, reflecting the recovery from the Tohoku earthquake and tsunami on March 12, of this year. The level of GDP is now just below its pre disaster peak of the third quarter of 2010, as can be seen in the first chart. The nominal rise in GDP was 5.6% (SAAR), indicating that deflation continues. The quarter to quarter (SAAR) of inflation was -0.3% , compared with -4.6% in the second quarter.

Domestic demand was fed by a 3.9 (SAAR) rise private consumption and a 3.4 (SAAR) rise in fixed capital formation. Exports increased 27.4 (SAAR) after having declined 19.4 (SAAR) in the second quarter. Offsetting the rise in exports was a 14.5 (SAAR) rise in imports. The increases in the various components of GDP are shown in the second chart.

The first estimate of a quarterly change in GDP is generally revised as more data become available. Such revisions to Japan's third quarter estimate are likely to be on the negative side. The impact of the financial crisis in the Euro Area has probably not yet been fully accounted for in the data. However, even if the current estimate of growth in the third quarter holds up, the outlook for the Japanese economy beyond the third quarter is now clouded by the continuing floods in Thailand that began in late July. Japan has outsourced a significant portion of its automobile production to Thailand andthe disruption to production

JAPAN Q3 11 Q2 11 Q1 11 Q4 10 Q3 10 Q2 10 Q1 10
GDP (SAAR %Change)
Nominal 5.6 -5.8 4.3 -3.5 0.5 -3.6 9.9
Real 6.0 -1.3 -2.9 -2.7 2.9 0.1 10.2
Deflator -0.3 -4.6 -1.7 -0.8 -2.4 -3.3 -0.3
Private Consumption 3.9 0.7 -1.8 -3.4 2.7 0.8 4.7
Fixed Capital Formation 3.4 1.0 -3.2 -3.9 1.1 2.5 5.4
Exports 27.4 -18.4 1.0 -1.9 0.6 29.2 28.9
Imports 14.5 0.4 6.8 -0.8 6.3 23.0 12.0
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