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Economy in Brief

German Domestic Manufacturing New Orders Top Foreign New Orders
by Louise Curley   December 07, 2010

The German economy continues to show strength in the midst of the financial uncertainties of the Euro Area.  The volume of manufacturing new orders rose 1.6% in October.  Foreign new orders rose only 0.82%, due largely to a 0.28% fall off in demand from other countries in the Euro Area.  Foreign orders from outside the Euro Area, however, were still increasing and rose 1.4%.  Domestic orders rose 2.43% in the month.  Total, domestic and foreign  manufacturing new orders are shown in the first chart.

As the economy recovered from the severe recession, domestic new orders were dominated by the demand for intermediate goods--the goods  necessary for the production of final products.  In more recent months the demand for investment goods has led to a substantial increase in the domestic new orders.  Domestic new orders for  consumer products have so far shown little growth from the levels reached in the recession.  However, rising employment augurs well for increased consumer demand.  The second chart shows the domestic new orders for intermediate, investment and consumer goods.  The third chart shows the foreign new orders for these same goods.

Foreign new orders for the manufacture of consumer goods and investment goods, in particular, have been stronger than the domestic new orders, as can be seen in a comparison of the second and third charts.  However, recent developments suggest that domestic demand  may be picking up while foreign demand may be decelerating.

German New Orders  (2005=100) Oct 10 Sep 10 Oct 09 M/M %  Y/Y % 2009 2008 2007
Total 108.3 106.6 91.7 1.59 18.10 87.2 111.2 119.7
  Domestic 105.5 103.0 92.4 2.43 14.18 88.6 108.3 114.5
  Foreign 110.7 109.8 91.1 0.82 21.50 86.1 113.8 124.0
    Other Euro Area Countries 106.3 106.5 87.9 -0.28 20.82 84.0 113.9 126.8
    Non Euro Area Countries 123.2 121.5 95.0 1.40 29.68 89.5 120.7 126.8
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