Recent Updates

  • New Zealand: Jobs Online Index (Dec)
  • Euro area: Bank Lending Survey (Q1); Consumer Confidence (Jan-Flash)
  • Greece: Travel Balance of Payments (Nov)
  • Turkey: Consumer Confidence (Jan); Israel: Exports of Services (Nov); South Africa: Business Cycle Indicators (Nov); Qatar: Real Estate Price Index (Dec), Banks Monthly Statements (Dec); Kenya: Foreign Trade, Depository Corporation Survey, Public Finance (Nov)
  • more updates...

Economy in Brief

EMU GDP Stays Put – No Revision
by Robert Brusca March 4, 2010

EMU GDP rose by 0.5% Saar in 2009-Q4. Private consumption in the Zone fell at a -0.1% annual rate. Meanwhile exports and imports surged at growth rates of 6% and 7%, respectively. Public consumption also fell in Q4 at a -0.5% annual rate. Capital formation after rising in Q3 retracted again in Q4. Domestic demand was a weak -0.8%.

France is closing in on positive GDP growth and is closer than either Germany or EMU as of Q4. But Germany with a much deeper hole that its GDP fell into is rising faster from its extreme depths.

Portugal’s numbers still aren’t in for Q4. But among those countries we list in the table that have reported, Greece, Italy and Spain are the only ones with falling GDP in Q4. These are the countries with debt problems of various sorts in EMU. It is interesting that the indebtedness seems to hold them back from recovery at the same pace as fellow EU/EMU members.

    Consumption Capital Formation     Domestic
GDP Private Public Total Exports Imports
% Change Q/Q (saar) ; X-M is Q/Q change in Blns of euros
  Q4-09 0.5% -0.1% -0.5% -3.1% 6.2 7.0% -0.8%
  Q3-09 1.7% -0.7% 3.1% 7.1% 0.7 11.9% 1.6%
  Q2-09 -0.5% 0.3% 2.4% -17.7% 13.1 -4.5% -3.1%
  Q1-09 -9.6% -1.9% 2.2% -33.1% -6.2 -29.3% -8.7%
% Change Yr/Yr; X-M is Yr/Yr change in Gap in Blns of euros
  Q4-09 -2.1% -0.6% 1.8% -13.1% 13.8 -5.2% -2.8%
  Q3-09 -4.1% -1.1% 2.5% -14.9% -15.1 -13.5% -3.5%
  Q2-09 -4.9% -1.0% 2.2% -16.2% -27.1 -17.0% -3.7%
  Q1-09 -5.1% -1.4% 2.4% -14.1% -34.5 -16.4% -3.5%
  5-Yrs 0.7% 0.8% 2.1% -1.0% 0.5 1.4% 0.7%

As of Q4 only Greece is seeing its Yr/Yr GDP growth continue to slip at a faster pace than in earlier quarters. The UK has a larger Yr/Yr drop in Q4 but it has improved its Yr/Yr growth rate from -5.3% in Q3 to -3.3% in Q4. Only the US has a positive Yr/Yr rate of growth in Q4; Switzerland is at zero.

The quarterly growth rates are already turning positive and have been doing so for two quarters in a row in most countries. Clearly recovery is afoot. But we are reminded that domestic demand is lagging in the Zone and that it is a sector that is very important to recovery. Every nation cannot recover with export-led growth; that defies the rules of GDP and balance of payments accounting. At some point the recovery has to become home-grown. With the US economy looking like its recovery may not shift into overdrive it is even more important than ever for each country to elevate its own domestic demand.

Euro-Area Retail Sales
  M/M Saar
  Jan-10 Dec-09 Nov-09 3-Mo 6-MO 12-Mo
Zone Total Value 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 2.4% 1.1% -1.1%
Food,Bev Tobacco -0.1% -0.1% -0.2% -1.8% -2.1% -2.1%
Motor Vehicle Reg -0.4% -3.1% 1.1% -9.4% -0.8% 20.8%
NonFood Country detail: Volume
Germany Value 0.0% 0.9% -1.2% -1.2% -0.6% -0.2%
UK(EU) Volume -1.8% -0.3% -0.4% -9.3% -3.4% 0.8%
large image