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Economy in Brief

BoF Indicator Continues to be Weak
by Robert Brusca March 14, 2008

The Bank of France has put the logical spin on its survey as showing that growth continues.

After a marked slowdown in French GDP growth in 4Q, the new BoF survey shows that activity has picked up somewhat, although the Industry sentiment index is still below its 12-month average.On the basis of its February business survey, the central bank actually has revised down its projection for Q1 GDP growth to 0.4% from the 0.5% it initially forecast. This is just below the December forecast of the national statistics institute Insee and just above the 0.3% gain in 4Q.

Industry output continued to expand in February but less strongly than in January, to say the least. The February reading for production is 4.55 compared to 19.17 for January and a 12-month average of +7. Weaker gains were reported in most sectors. Autos posted an outright decline in February after a spike in January and a decline in the auto output in December. Manufacturing capacity utilization slipped to 83.4% after a rebound in January to 83.5%, remaining above the long-term average of 83 since 1987 but below the average of 84 for the last 12 months.

Executives said new domestic orders slowed in February and overall order books were somewhat lighter, in fact at 8.76 they are below the 12-month average for orders and below the long-term average of 9.

Growth also slowed in most segments of the services sector in February.

Activity is expected to continue to expand in most branches but at a more moderate pace. Foreign orders gains were much weaker in February, as the euro climbed. Importantly, service providers indicated that price hikes would be slightly less rapid in the months ahead. Cleary the BoF has put some positive spin on the report in which growth is indicated but momentum seems to be fading.

Going back to 1987 the semi-finished goods sector is in dire straits with the lowest production outlook and lowest new orders it has ever seen. Production in this sector is in the bottom 16 percent of the range for orders in the past 30 years. Auto sector production is in the bottom third of its range as is the agriculture and food sector; consumer goods production is in the bottom 42 percent of its range. The production outlook for capital goods and consumer goods is the lower 36th percentile and lower 15th percentile of their respective ranges. This report is really very weak.

Bank of France Monthly INDUSTRY Survey: SUMMARY
        12 MO Since Jan-87 2Yr Percentile
  Feb-08 Jan-08 Dec-07 AVERAGE Average rank/range
Production-latest mo
Total Industry 5.44 19.17 -4.13 7 7 32.5%
Production Outlook
Total Industry 12.91 15.86 22.21 16 15 29.4%
Demand
Overall order books 22.81 24.85 25.33 27 4 39.7%
Foreign Orders 10.24 10.87 8.89 11 9 27.0%
New Orders
Total Industry 8.76 12.28 9.3 10 9 18.9%
Stocks: Finished Gds
Total Industry -3.76 -1.88 -4.76 -3 -2 22.1%
Capacity Utilization 83.35 83.48 80.86 84 83 57.2%
Hiring
Latest Mo 0.41 2.74 -1.43 0 -1 74.8%
Outlook -0.44 -1.48 -0.67 -2 -4 88.5%
Industry Sentiment Index 106.8 106.47 105.68 107 107 48.3%
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