Recent Updates

  • Iceland: Building Cost Index (Aug), Population (Q2)
  • UK: Public Sector Net Liabilities, Public Sector Finances (Jun)
  • France: ACOSS/URSSAF Employment Survey (Jun), Central Government Negotiable Debt (May)
  • Germany: PPI, Federal Budget, Monthly Tax Receipts (Jun), Trade in Goods (May)
  • Spain: Workers Affected by Layoffs (Apr)
  • Euro area: Balance of Payments (May)
  • Turkey: Established & Liquidated (Press-Jun)
  • more updates...

Economy in Brief

Inflation Trends in Emerging Markets
by Louise Curley October 8, 2007

Inflation is picking up in many emerging markets. Among the highest rates of inflation being recorded are those in Eastern Europe. Latvia, for example, announced today that inflation reached 11% in September and in Ukraine, it was over 14%. Although inflation rates in other Eastern Europe countries are lower most have been rising throughout the year, as can be seen in the first chart, which shows inflation rates for the Czech Republic, Lithuania, Latvia and the Ukraine.

Inflation has generally been kept in check in the Far East. One important exception is India where inflation has been running between 6 and 8% for the last year or so. More recently, inflation in China has accelerated. From a rate of 2.2% in January of this year, inflation in China has risen to 6.7% in September. The second chart shows inflation in four of the Far East countries--China, India, South Korea and Thailand.

In Latin America where many countries experienced hyper inflation in the past, Brazil and Chile have succeeded in keeping inflation subdued. Currently, their inflation rates, though rising this year, are still below 6%. Argentina has had less success in getting its rate of inflation below that of Brazil and Chile, but its rate of inflation has continued to decline this year from 9.7% in January to 8.6% in September. The high rate of Inflation in Venezuela due, in part to the populist policies of its government, declined in September to 15.2%, from the peak of 20.4% reached in February. The third chart shows inflation in four Latin American countries--Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Venezuela.

Among the emerging markets of the Middle East and Africa, Turkey, Egypt and Jordan have seen declines in their inflation rates during this year in contrast to the increases in other emerging markets. In South Africa, inflation has kept fairly steady between 6 and 7%. Inflation rates in these countries are shown in the fourth chart.

INFLATION RATES (%)  SEP AUG JUL JUN MAY APR MAR FEB JAN
Czech Republic 2.8 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.4 2.5 1.9 1.5 1.3
Lithuania 7.1 5.5 4.1 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.3 4.0
Latvia 11.4 10.1 9.5 8.8 8.2 8.9 8.5 7.3 7.1
Ukraine 14.4 14.3 13.5 12.9 10.7 10.5 10.1 9.5 10.8
Thailand 2.1 1.1 1.2 1.9 1.9 1.8 2.0 2.3 3.1
South Korea 2.3 2.0 2.5 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.2 2.2 1.7
India n.a. 7.3 6.4 5.7 6.6 6.8 6.7 7.6 6.7
China n.a 6.7 4.7 4.5 3.4 3.0 3.3 2.8 2.2
Argentina 8.6 8.7 8.6 8.8 8.8 8.9 9.1 9.6 9.7
Brazil n.a 4.8 4.2 4.0 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.1 2.9
Chile 5.9 4.7 3.8 3.2 2.9 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8
Venezuela 15.3 15.9 17.2 19.4 19.5 19.4 18.5 20.4 18.4
Turkey 7.1 7.4 6.9 8.6 9.2 10.7 10.9 10.2 9.9
South Africa n.a 6.7 7.0 7.0 6.9 7.0 6.1 5.8 6.0
Egypt n.a 8.5 8.0 8.5 10.0 11.7 12.8 12.6 12.4
Jordan n.a 3.9 3.7 3.9 3.6 5.6 6.7 8.4 7.6
close
large image