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Economy in Brief

June manufacturing New Orders in Germany Rise Sharply While Sales Show a Small Decline  
by Louise Curley August 6, 2007

German new orders for manufacturing in nominal terms rose 4.65% in June from May. This was the largest month to month rise since December, 2004. The rise was due almost entirely to a rise in foreign orders, which rose 8.90% from May and 24.04% from June 2006. Domestic orders rose only 0.41% in June from May and were 11.75% above June 2006. Indexes for domestic and foreign new orders are shown in the first chart.

The rise in foreign orders came from a 22.39% increase in orders from other Euro Zone countries. Orders from non Euro Zone countries actually declined by 2.70% in June, due perhaps to the continued rise in the Euro. Indexes of new orders from Euro Zone countries and non Euro Zone countries are shown in the second chart

The composition of German manufacturing new orders is heavily weighted by capital goods, reflecting Germany's engineering expertise. Capital goods new orders increased 8.61% in June from May, while consumer goods new orders declined 1.48% in the same period. Manufacturing new orders of capital and consumer goods are shown in the third chart.

Manufacturing sales, in contrast to new orders, declined 0.77% in June from May and were 7.02% above June, 2006. Domestic manufacturing sales were down 1.21% in June, while foreign sales managed a small increase of 0.20%. Foreign sales continue to be more dynamic than domestic as can be seen in the fourth chart. The increase in sales to other Euro Zone countries was a mere 0.07% and sales to non Euro Zone countries declined 0.44%.

GERMAN NEW ORDERS AND SALES (Nominal (2000=100))  Jun 07 May  07  Jun  06  M/M Chg  Y/Y Chg  2006 2005 2004
New Orders 144.0 137.6 122.1 4.65 17.94 123.9 111.7 105.0
  Domestic 121.7 121.2 108.9 0.41 11.75 110.9 101.4 98.3
  Foreign 171.8 158.2 138.5 8.60 24.02 140.1 127.4 113.5
    Euro Zone 182.6 149.2 131.3 22.39 39.07 132.1 120.4 109.6
    Non Euro Zone 161.9 166.4 145.1 -2.70 11.58 147.4 128.6 117.1
  Capital Goods 156.5 144.1 123.9 8.61 26.31 127.5 116.1 107.5
  Consumer Goods 113.5 115.2 102.9 -1.48 10.30 105.7 99.8 95.1
Sales 128.1 129.1 119.7 -0.77 7.02 119.6 110.6 105.5
  Domestic 114.4 115.8 108.5 -1.21 5.44 108.8 102.7 99.4
  Foreign 151.3 151.6 138.5 -0.20 9.24 137.8 123.9 115.8
    Euro Zone 144.5 144.4 131.8 0.07 9.64 131.1 119.5 113.4
    Non Euro Zone 157.8 158.5 145.0 -0.44 8.83 144.2 128.1 118.1
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