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Economy in Brief

Treasury TIC Data Show Reduced Security Purchases, but More  Inflows of Other Capital
by Carol Stone April 18, 2007

The US Treasury's monthly investment data, called "Treasury International Capital" data or "TIC", are increasingly watched for trends in foreign investors' interest in US capital markets. Data for February were released this Monday past. Net purchases of securities by foreign investors appear to have fallen to $58.1 billion from $98.8 billion in January and $93.4 billion in February 2006. The reduction in February consists of smaller net purchases of federal agency (GSE) debt and US equities than in January, modestly offset by slight increases in Treasuries and corporate bonds. US investors also bought slightly more in foreign securities in February. So in the securities markets, less foreign capital came into the US and a bit more US capital went out.

These data contain two important lessons that caution us against making too much of one month's figures. First, they obviously move around a lot. Foreign purchases of domestic securities were $116.8 billion in January and dropped to "only" $77.9 billion in February. This included the largest ever monthly swing in net purchases of federal agencies, -$33.2 billion, while net purchases of corporate bonds were the fifth largest they had ever been. And even though purchases of equities diminished, they remain quite large by historical comparison. The monthly data on security purchases run back to 1977.

At the same time, these figures do just cover security purchase and sale transactions. But there are other financial flows, of course. Since last November 16 (see our commentary for that date), the Treasury has highlighted more information on these in a new "TIC Monthly Report on Cross-Border Financial Flows". This table includes "other securities acquisition", which tends to run negative as periodic principal payments are made on pass-through securities; stock swaps are also in this category and can run both ways as multinational corporations alter ownership structures. Also included in the Treasury's summary table are non-security transactions: short-term custody holdings and changes in banks' dollar-denominated liabilities. Both of these can be highly variable, and indeed, the latter item, Line 6 in the table below, swung from a net outflow of $22.4 billion in January to an inflow of $30.4 billion in February.

Thus, overall, the influx of capital to the US did not decrease in February, but it increased, to $94.5 billion from $79.6 billion in January and $77.5 billion a year ago. We have argued before and would repeat, that in these monthly capital flow data, the items that "balance" the "balance of payments" are in fact the transitory ones, the cash moving around the world financial system as trade flows are paid for and companies shift deposits to countries where they have upcoming expenditures. Security purchases represent entirely different kinds of business decisions and may not necessarily be tied to the trade or current account deficits.

Monthly Averages
Net Foreign Purchases fromUS Residents, Bil $ Feb 2007 Jan 2007 Feb 2006
Last 12 Months 2006 2005 2004
"Headline": Net Foreign Purchases = 1 + 2 58.1 98.8 93.4 73.6 74.3 69.9 63.6
1. Domestic Securities 77.9 116.8 105.0 95.1 94.8 84.3 76.4
   Treasuries 17.0 15.2 19.4 17.4 16.5 28.2 29.3
   Agencies 2.0 35.8 30.1 22.3 24.1 18.3 18.9
   Corporate Bonds 45.4 43.0 37.7 43.4 41.7 31.0 25.8
   Equities 13.5 22.8 17.8 12.0 12.5 6.8 2.4
2. Foreign Securities  -19.8 -17.9 -11.5 -21.5 -20.6 -14.4 -12.7
3. "Other Acquisition"* -15.0 -15.1 -9.0 -13.3 -12.8 -11.7 -3.2
4. Net Foreign Acquisition (1+2+3) 43.2 83.7 84.4 60.3 61.5 58.3 60.4
5. Short-Term Liabilities 20.8 17.9 -10.6 14.1 11.2 -4.0 15.8
6. Change in Bank Liabilities 30.4 -22.0 3.7 10.8 13.9 1.4 5.3
7. Total TIC Flows**  94.5 79.6 77.5 85.2 86.6 55.7 81.6
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