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Economy in Brief

Construction Industry Jobs Lift Taiwan Employment; Unemployment Rate Sustains 4-Year Low
by Carol Stone April 22, 2005

Employment in Taiwan increased by 2,000 in March, continuing a more moderate uptrend that emerged at the turn of the year; February saw a 17,000 rise and January 9,000. Most notably, manufacturing employment has declined the last two months. Other sectors, however, continue to expand, and the unemployment rate edged lower in March to 4.2%. In fact, during the last six months unemployment has hovered very near 4.2%, the lowest level since May 2001, during the world-wide recession associated with the technology "bust".

As seen in the graph, a feature of that recession was the typical cycle in manufacturing employment. But it was exacerbated by a sharp drop in construction industry employment as well. Taiwan is, of course, one of the Asian "NICs" -- newly industrializing countries. A building boom in the first half of the 1990s, which was probably associated with that status, was already slowing down, and the onset of the recession brought a sudden plunge in construction activity and jobs, evident in the second graph. But also seen there, over the last year or so, the construction sector has been on the rebound. Jobs have increased 70,000 since November 2003, a 10% gain. During that same period, service-sector jobs have risen just 2.7% and total employment is up 2.6%.

The February-March pause in manufacturing employment is perhaps only transitory, but it raises the question of whether the advance in the construction industry can continue if demand for Taiwan's final products is slowing enough to constrain job growth.

Taiwan:
Thousands, Seasonally Adjusted
Mar 2005 Feb 2005 Mar 2004 2004 2003 2002 2001
Total Industry Employment 9,892 9,890 9,731 9,786 9,573 9,452 9,383
Monthly Change 2 17 12-Month Average Change
13 17 15 8 -10
Manufacturing -8 -5 7 9 3 4 -13
Construction 10 8 4 4 -1 -1 -8
Service-Producing   11 18 8 10 17 5 10
Memo: Unemploy- ment Rate Individual Months Annual Average
4.2 4.3 4.5 4.4 5.0 5.2 4.6
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